The list is regularly updated to include the latest information. On the coldest days of the year, daily average of PM2.5 pollution levels reach 687 micrograms per cubic meter — 27 times the level WHO recommends as safe. Pregnant women’s exposure to air pollution can affect growing baby’s lungs and respiratory system causing pre-term birth and spontaneous abortion. The air pollution rates in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, exceeded the international safe limit set by The World Health Organization by seven times, causing a health crisis, particularly among Mongolia’s youth. “The Borgen Project is an incredible nonprofit organization that is addressing poverty and hunger and working towards ending them.” In the past, efforts to curb pollution have focused on rehousing ger district residents in apartments connected to the communal heating grid. Diorditsa argues that, in the long term, the country will need to develop alternative energy sources. Furthermore, improvement of indoor air quality in public kindergartens, schools and hospitals as well as guidance for the public on the use and access of high-quality face masks will greatly help reduce the effects of Mongolia’s air pollution. If efforts such as Gamsukh’s green community and foreign aid assistance programs continue, there is hope of seeing a reduction in Mongolia’s air pollution crisis. More recently, the government started discussing the feasibility of connecting existing homes to city utilities. Knowledge management officer (Air pollution & Environment), Improve health workers' knowledge and skills to treat children with pneumonia, asthma and other chronic respiratory illnesses, Increase families‘ access to affordable and good quality medication, focusing on the most disadvantaged, Increase coverage of pneumonia vaccines and treatment in community care centres, Further raise awareness on health impact of air pollution to the general public, government and civil society, Work with communities to change behaviors and provide practical information to parents on protecting children from air pollution (including tobacco smoke) during pregnancy and early childhood as well as preventing and protecting from pneumonia, Continue to call for joint efforts for urgent and coordinated action to reduce the devastating effect of air pollution on children’s health. Mongolia has a population of 3 million people and in 2016 an estimated 1 800 people died from diseases attributable to household air pollution and a further 1 500 people died from diseases attributable to outdoor air pollution. Odgerel Gamsukh, a 34-year-old architect, has started a company to turn the unplanned and heavily polluted city of Ulaanbaatar into a green community. Implementing the ban is going to be a challenge, but reducing air pollution is of fundamental importance to improving population health. Particles with a diameter of 10 microns or less can penetrate the lungs, but the most harmful are those with a diameter of 2.5 microns or less. âThese stoves can burn coal, wood, and dung, but during the winter, when temperatures can drop to â40 Â°C, coal is used because it burns longer than other fuels.â. The brief states that 80% of Ulaanbaatarâs air pollution in the winter months is caused by households and low pressure boilers burning raw coal in ger districts. The government has also committed to providing households in ger districts with cleaner processed solid fuels and plans on having 600 000 tonnes of such fuel stored by September 2019. âThere is really no affordable alternative in terms of clean fuel,â says Vanya. This community would be comprised of solar-heated, permanant ger structures, which would add windows, solar collectors and insulation to the traditional model. The air pollution rates in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, exceeded the international safe limit set by The World Health Organization by seven times, causing a health crisis, particularly among Mongolia’s youth. To support the governmentâs anti-pollution efforts, in February 2018 WHO released a set of suggested actions. The government of Mongolia has also banned internal migration into Ulaanbaatar until 2020 in an effort to limit the number of people contributing to the air pollution … Children are the most vulnerable to adverse health effects of air pollution from the day they are conceived. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, Addressing a Crisis: Air Pollution in Mongolia, Poverty and Methods To Control Stray Dogs, The Struggle Against Drug Trafficking in Tajikistan, pneumonia is the second leading cause of death. Mongolia Air Quality Index (AQI). As the world’s coldest capital, Ulaanbaatar can see temperatures as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit/Celsius – contributing to the population’s heavy use of coal to keep warm. Modernization, increasing urban populations and inadequate infrastructure have exacerbated the health issues related to air pollution in Mongolia. From above, the smog appears to … Diorditsa also stresses the importance of communities and government working together on improving housing in ger areas. Air pollution in Mongolia Starting in May, the government of Mongolia will introduce a coal burning ban in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, as part of efforts to clean up the city’s air. Ger districts, located in the north of the city, are now home to more than 60% of Ulaanbaatarâs population. Read the air pollution in Mongolia, get real-time, historical and forecast PM2.5 and weather data with AirVisual. Coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-2019), Coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-19) », Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Volume 97, Number 2, February 2018, 73-168. Ulaanbaatar was built in a river valley with surrounding mountains that trap the city’s smog. This policy-based loan will help to prioritize and expand upon public resources for pollution reduction efforts and update urban energy and transport systems, encouraging cost-effective actions. Mongolian family inside a traditional Mongolian dwelling. Get real-time, historical and forecast PM2.5 and weather data. A key medium-term suggestion was for Mongolia to introduce more stringent national standards for outdoor air quality, while suggestions for the long term included the drawing up of plans for the sustainable development of clean energy options. It affects brain development, lung function, and the cardiovascular system.â Chuluunbaatar believes that children are particularly vulnerable to particulate matter as their bodies develop, and points to possible evidence that the finest particulate matter can pass through the placenta to an unborn child. Subsidies have also been offered to families encouraging them to purchase stoves that produce less pollution. The most polluted air in Mongolia is found in Ulaanbaatar, where 46% of the countryâs population resides.
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