A number of the global automotive companies also have production facilities in Ankara, such as the German bus and truck manufacturer MAN SE. Currently, huge numbers of these have been replaced by compounds and public housing. Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo (Atatürk Orman Çiftliği) is an expansive recreational farming area which houses a zoo, several small agricultural farms, greenhouses, restaurants, a dairy farm and a brewery. The government is a prominent employer, but Ankara is also an important commercial and industrial city, located at the centre of Turkey's road and railway networks. [19] Ankara is famous for the Monumentum Ancyranum (Temple of Augustus and Rome) which contains the official record of the Acts of Augustus, known as the Res Gestae Divi Augusti, an inscription cut in marble on the walls of this temple. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is sixteen minutes, while 28% of users wait for over twenty minutes on average every day. Angoras are shorn twice a year, unlike sheep, which are shorn only once. [45], Ankara is politically a triple battleground between the ruling conservative Justice and Development Party (AKP), the opposition Kemalist centre-left Republican People's Party (CHP) and the nationalist far-right Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). Both the Ancient Byzantine Metropolitan archbishopric and the 'modern' Armenian eparchy are now listed by the Catholic Church as titular sees,[26] with separate apostolic successions. Due to its elevation and inland location, Ankara has cold and snowy winters, and hot and dry summers. The new section, now centered on Kızılay Square, has the trappings of a more modern city: wide streets, hotels, theaters, shopping malls, and high-rises. [31], The city has exported mohair (from the Angora goat) and Angora wool (from the Angora rabbit) internationally for centuries. The oldest settlements in and around the city center of Ankara belonged to the Hattic civilization which existed during the Bronze Age and was gradually absorbed c. 2000–1700 BC by the Indo-European Hittites. The Crusaders captured the city, and handed it over to the Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. Emission Group – Ten Turkish Lira –, On the reverse of the 100 lira banknotes of 1983–1989 (7. Ankara Ethnography Museum (Etnoğrafya Müzesi) is located opposite to the Ankara Opera House on Talat Paşa Boulevard, in the Ulus district. A large percentage of the complicated employment in Ankara is provided by the state institutions; such as the ministries, subministries, and other administrative bodies of the Turkish government. In the TFF Second League: Mamak FK in Mamak, Ankara Demirspor in Çankaya, Etimesgut Belediyespor in Etimesgut; in the TFF Third League: Çankaya FK in Keçiören; Altındağspor[72] in Altındağ; in the Amateur League: Turanspor in Etimesgut, Türk Telekomspor owned by the phone company in Yenimahalle, Çubukspor in Çubuk, and Bağlumspor in Keçiören. The population of Ankara in 2019 can be known after checking the population from the last 5 years. In the second half of the 3rd century, Ancyra was invaded in rapid succession by the Goths coming from the west (who rode far into the heart of Cappadocia, taking slaves and pillaging) and later by the Arabs. [19] In 610/11, Comentiolus, brother of Emperor Phocas (r. 602–610), launched his own unsuccessful rebellion in the city against Heraclius (r. Keçiörengücü also currently play in the TFF First League. Orhan I, the second Bey of the Ottoman Empire, captured the city in 1356. [19] Bishop Marcellus of Ancyra and Basil of Ancyra were active in the theological controversies of their day, and the city was the site of no less than three church synods in 314, 358 and 375, the latter two in favour of Arianism. Численность населения Анкара. Turkish Statistical Institute, 1 February 2019 data. For a long period of time, Angora goats were bred for their white coat. The ratio of university and high school graduates to total population is 10.6% in Ankara, while 5.4% in Turkey. Twenty years later, Christianity and monotheism had taken its place. The Column of Julian which was erected in honor of the emperor's visit to the city in 362 still stands today. There is also the newly expanded ANKAmall at the outskirts, on the Istanbul Highway, which houses most of the well-known international brands. The Mehmet Akif Literature Museum Library is an important literary museum and archive opened in 2011 and dedicated to Mehmet Akif Ersoy (1873–1936), the poet of the Turkish National Anthem. A condition called "wool block" is common in Angora rabbits and should be treated quickly. Hence, the population of Ankara in the year 2019 is expected to be 5.024 Million + 0.0888 Million = 5.1128 Million. During the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s, the city grew in a planned and orderly pace. Çengelhan Rahmi Koç Museum is a museum of industrial technology situated in Çengel Han, an Ottoman era Inn which was completed in 1523, during the early years of the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

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