Writing generally about her work of the period, Stark Young of The New Republic noted, "Her dancing is pictorial necessarily, since one understands it through the eyes. Prudish audiences blushed to behold the male ensemble with large red lobsters…on their thighs, and Nini Theilade, portraying Venus, created a sensation because she seemed totally nude. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bacchanale&oldid=885891908, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 March 2019, at 00:47. Lola Montez wore harem trousers and a hoop skirt decorated with false teeth. Information on much of Graham's work from the 1920s and 1930s, including Bacchanale, has been lost. Complete set showing downstage legs (there are three sets of these bizarre and somewhat macabre drawer-filled legs, some with bones protruding from them). The Butler Ballet possesses the complete set of soft goods (backdrop and three sets of legs and borders); the hard scenery, however, is not in our possession. Article. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. | Program for recital at Clark University on November 1, 1932. In actuality, she wore flesh-colored tights from her neck to her toes..." (Jack Anderson, The One and Only: The Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, New York, 1981, n.p.). The scenery lay dormant for over fifty years, when it made its re-appearance in a Butler Ballet production. Later, when Ludwig died, a whole set of umbrellas opened on stage. 1956), for which he wrote a Bacchanale. The work was danced by Martha Graham and Group, the forerunner of the Martha Graham Dance Company.. 1 (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham), Chorale (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham), Clair de Lune (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham), [ Martha Graham, Clark University, November 1, 1932], [ Martha Graham, Guild Theatre, November 20, 1932], [' Dotted Notes' - Buddy Basch Office, 9/20/51], [ Press Release - Buddy Basch Office, 8/24/51]. Please contact: Performing Arts Reading Room. The work was danced by Martha Graham and Group. Dalí designed both the set and the costumes, which were produced by Coco Chanel, and the choreography was arranged by Léonide Massine for the Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. The work was danced by Martha Graham and Group. ProvenanceBallet Russe de Monte CarloThe Ballet Foundation, New YorkButler University, A gift from the above circa 1971Sold at Sotheby's Auction on November 13, 2018. Troupe members, all female, were Lillian Shapiro, Mary Rivoire, Dorothy Bird, Sydney Brenner, Louise Creston, Ailes Gilmour, Mattie Haim, Lily Mehlman, Sophie Maslow, Pauline Nelson, May O'Donnell, Lillian Ray, Ethel Rudy, Gertrude Shurr, Anna Sokolov and Joan Woodruff. (General). The scenery lay dormant for over fifty years, when it made its re-appearance in a Butler Ballet production. There was a woman with a rose-colored fish-head. Visiting the scenery shop where Bacchanale was being assembled, as George Dunkel was standing over the canvas with a long paint brush in his hand, Dali exclaimed "Oh, what fun to paint with such a long brush! A bacchanale is an orgiastic musical composition (Kennedy 2006), often depicting a drunken revel or bacchanal.. Reproduced with permission of Martha Graham Resources, a division of The... Graham, Martha - Clark University - Horst, Louis. Margot Anderson is a Curator working with the Arts Centre’s Performing Arts Collection in Melbourne, You will likely experience issues using this site. By Margot Anderson. This exciting and very well-received work was premiered by the Butler Ballet in Indianapolis in February of 1994, attracting considerable national attention. In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. Bacchanale remained in the Ballet Russe repertoire from 1939 to 1942, after which it was retired when Massine joined Ballet Theatre. Bacchanale remained in the Ballet Russe repertoire from 1939 to 1942, after which it was retired when Massine joined Ballet Theatre. Martha Graham, a pioneer in the establishment of American modern dance, was one of the principal choreographers of the twentieth century. ; 1082 by 396.2 cmLeft legs (each): 426 by 156 in. Concert Program... Review. Taken from his opera Samson and Delilah, Saint-Saëns’ Danse Bacchanale is well-known to imbibers and revellers the world over for its rather infectious rhythms and folk melodies. In writing about Graham's choreographies, Stark Young of the New Republic (December 14, 1932) noted … Examples include the bacchanales in Camille Saint-Saëns's Samson and Delilah, the Venusberg scene in Richard Wagner's Tannhäuser (Kennedy 2006), "Danse générale (Bacchanale)" from Maurice Ravel's "Daphnis et Chloé," and Tableau 4, the Bacchanale in Alexander Glazunov's The Seasons. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permission ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Samson and Delilah, which premièred in 1877, is the only one of Saint-Saëns’ dozen operas to find lasting success. | Reproduced with permission of Martha Graham Resources, a division of The Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance, www.marthagraham.org. There was a woman with a rose-colored fish-head. ", The composer, Riegger, referring to Graham's practice at the time of creating her dances and then working with composers to fit music to the steps, commented on the process of writing the music for Bacchanale: “When I arrived at her studio I found to my surprise her dance group assembled and ready to perform for me the already completed dance….I became party to nearly the first attempt at writing music to a dance already composed.”, "Bacchanale (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)", "Dance Recital Program, Guild Theatre, New York, Martha Graham and Dance Group, Nov. 20, 1932", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bacchanale_(ballet)&oldid=947096135, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 March 2020, at 08:19. - 0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (-) - !N /!N /!N - 154×⇩ - PatrickC. Prudish audiences blushed to behold the male ensemble with large red lobsters (as sex symbols) on their thighs, and Nini Theilade, portraying Venus, created a sensation because she seemed totally nude. Purporting to show the delirious visions of Ludwig II of Bavaria, it mixed mythological figures with such personages as Lola Montez and Sacher-Masoch... Dali's decor was dominated by a huge swan with a hole in its breast through which dancers emerges, some in remarkable costumes. Dali also wrote the scenario and designed the costumes. The original wooden swan which sat in front of the opening of the backdrop was destroyed before the donation, likely due to the difficulties it represented for preservation. This exciting and very well-received work was premiered by the Butler Ballet in Indianapolis in February of 1994, attracting considerable national attention. Presented by the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, Bacchanale received its world premiere at New York’s Metropolitan Opera on November 9, 1939. The premiere in 1939 garnered both praise and derision. 4. This Winged Swan For Bacchanale Ballet Statue (1939) by Salvador Dali is a Parastone sculptural adaptation of the theater backdrop painting from the ballet "Bacchanale". It also marked the beginning of Dali’s 30-year association with dance and the debut of his collaboration with choreographer Leonide Massine. Article. The company arrived in New York having left the costumes for Bacchanale behind in Paris, where they had been constructed over many weeks by the famous French fashion designer Coco Chanel. nal (băk′ə-năl′, -näl′, băk′ə-nəl) n. 1. often bacchanals The Bacchanalia. (Copyright Notice). Performed to music by Wallingford Riegger, Bacchanale premiered on February 2, 1931, at New York's Craig Theatre. Performed to music by César Franck, Chorale premiered on April 18, 1926, at New York's 48thStreet Theater, Graham's first independent concert. Reproduction, including downloading of Dali works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Bacchanale remained in the Ballet Russe repertoire from 1939 to 1942, after which it was retired when Massine joined Ballet Theatre. With the set, costumes and libretto created by Spanish-born Surrealist artist Salvador Dali, Bacchanale caused a sensation in the New York dance world. Presented by the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, Bacchanale received its world premiere at New York’s Metropolitan Opera on November 9, 1939. Article. concert program | 4 p., 5 x 8 in. | review of performance at the Civic Opera House in Chicago, from Music News, Apr 11, 1942 (General). Later, when Ludwig died, a whole set of umbrellas opened on stage. Bacchanale was an ensemble work created by Martha Graham to music by Wallingford Riegger. 2. Ballet in one act choreographed by Leonide Massine.Music by Richard Wagner (the Venusberg Bacchanale from Act I of Tannhaeuser).Libretto and decor by Salvador Dali.Scenery painted by George Dunkel and Salvador Dali.Premiere: New York, November 9, 1939, by the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. ; 914.4 by 1524 cmPortal border: 96 by 696 in. Based on the Wagner opera Tannhäuser, Bacchanale details the dreams of mad King Ludwig II of Bavaria in which stories from Greek mythology, most prominently Leda and the Swan, mingle with historical figures like famed courtesan Lola Montez. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.
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