The Northern Territory is the most sparsely populated state or territory in Australia. The Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 was eventually passed by the Fraser government on 16 December 1976 and began operation on 26 January 1977). Alfred Deakin opined at this time "To me the question has been not so much commercial as national, first, second, third and last. The capital city of Australia's Northern Territory is Darwin. During the dry season nearly every day is warm and sunny, and afternoon humidity averages around 30%. The coast of the territory was first seen by Europeans in the 17th century. [37] Now renamed as the Charles Darwin University, it had about 19,000 students enrolled: about 5,500 higher education students and about 13,500 students on vocational education and training (VET) courses. By 1875, the population of the whites in the town had increased to 300. Area 520,902 square miles (1,349,129 square km). [42], The principal mining operations are bauxite at Gove Peninsula where the production is estimated to increase 52.1% to $254 million in 2007–08, manganese at Groote Eylandt, production is estimated to increase 10.5% to $1.1 billion which will be helped by the newly developed mines include Bootu Creek and Frances Creek, gold which is estimated to increase 21.7 per cent to $672 million at the Union Reefs plant and uranium at Ranger Uranium Mine.[43]. The Northern Territory is represented in the federal parliament by two members in the House of Representatives and two members in the Senate. Cyclone Tracy killed 71 people, caused A$837 million in damage (1974 dollars), or approximately A$6.85 billion (2018 dollars),[19] and destroyed more than 70 per cent of Darwin's buildings, including 80 per cent of houses. Darwin was granted city status in 1959 on Australia Day. However, the name change never went ahead. Tourism is an important economic driver for the territory and a significant industry in regional areas. Soon after this time, parts of the Northern Territory were considered in the Kimberley Plan as a possible site for the establishment of a Jewish Homeland, understandably considered the "Unpromised Land".[15][16]. 1– 32). The five largest groups of overseas-born were from the Philippines (2.6%), England (2.4%), New Zealand (2%), India (1.6%) and Greece (0.6%). The city is a service centre for a developing pastoral and mining hinterland. (pp. By Sharon Omondi on August 14 2017 in World Facts. Another event that draws many people is the World Solar Challenge, which is a solar-powered 3,022 km car race which attracts participation from all over the world. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! ABC stations include ABC NewsRadio (102.5FM), 105.7 ABC Darwin (8DDD 105.7FM), ABC Radio National (657AM), ABC Classic FM (107.3FM) and Triple J (103.3FM). Reportedly the Makassan traders began a relationship with the indigenous people of the Northern Territory around the trading of trepang from at least the 18th century. The commercial stations, which are both owned by the same company are Sun 96.9 (96.9FM) and 8HA (900AM). Darwin, capital and chief port of Northern Territory, Australia. Australian Aboriginal religion and mythology (1.4%) is also practiced. [18] Extension of rail transport was then not considered because of low freight volumes. Around 30% of Territorians do not profess any religion.[35]. [20] The administrator of the Northern Territory is an official acting as the Queen's indirect representative in the territory. In response to the report of the Royal Commission a Land Rights Bill was drafted, but the Whitlam Government was dismissed before it was passed. Here, you’ll find thriving Aboriginal cultures offering ancient storytelling and spiritual tradition, and mesmerising natural wonders and landscapes ready to be explored. The radio stations in Alice Springs are also broadcast on the AM and FM frequencies. Before the over-riding legislation was enacted, four people used the law supported by Dr. Philip Nitschke. The Northern Territory's economy is largely driven by mining, which is concentrated on energy producing minerals, petroleum and energy and contributes around $2.5 billion to the gross state product and employs over 4,600 people. More than 54% of Territorians live in Darwin, located in the territory's north (Top End). [44] Iconic destinations such as Uluru and Kakadu make the Northern Territory a popular destination for domestic and international travellers. Each year mining contributes about 2.5 billion dollars to the city's economy. The Sunday Territorian is the sister paper to the NT News and is the only dedicated Sunday tabloid newspaper in the Northern Territory. On 1 January 2007 a default speed limit of 110 km/h was introduced on roads outside of urban areas (Inside urban areas of 40, 50 or 60 km/h). It is sparsely populated, with a population of only 245,353,[1] fewer than half as many people as Tasmania.[1]. [41], Imports to the Northern Territory totalled $2,887.8 million which consisted of mainly machinery and equipment manufacturing (58.4%) and petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (17.0%). In that year the Northern Territory went from South Australian to Australian Commonwealth administration. Darwin Treat your tastebuds and indulge your sense of fun and adventure in the Northern Territory’s tropical capital city. [39], The economy has grown considerably over the past decade, from a value of $15 billion in 2004–05 to over $22 billion in 2014–15. Seasons are more distinct in central Australia, with very hot summers and cool winters. Moreover, since the end of the 20th century the population of the Northern Territory has become one of the fastest-growing in the country; most residents are concentrated in and around the capital city, Darwin. In N. T. GOVERNMENT (Ed.) The leading community stations are 104.1 Territory FM, and Radio Larrakia (8KNB). The capital is the only large city in the Northern Territories, and is a hub full of economic activities that contribute greatly to the local economy, as well as the entire territory. In addition to establishing trade routes in Australia and beyond, the Larrakia people are known for developing songlines throughout the country. Is the Dominican Republic a US Territory? The northern portion of the territory is principally tropical savannas, composed of several distinct ecoregions – Arnhem Land tropical savanna, Carpentaria tropical savanna, Kimberley tropical savanna, Victoria Plains tropical savanna, and Mitchell Grass Downs. N/A, p. 7. As of 2009, the Northern Territory had 151 public schools, 15 Catholic schools and 21 independent schools. He replaced Adam Giles on 31 August 2016. Between 2003 and 2006 the gross state product had risen from $8.67 billion to $11.476 billion and increase of 32.4%. The first tertiary institution in the territory was the Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education which was established in the mid-1960s. Victoria River Downs was at one time the largest cattle station in the world. The two historically dominant political parties in the Northern Territory are the conservative Country Liberal Party, and the social-democratic Australian Labor Party. Tiwi is spoken on Melville Island and Bathurst Island. The first was the attack by Japanese aircrafts in 1942, which destroyed the town and resulted in 243 deaths. But under the Australian Constitution, the federal government may set the terms of entry to full statehood. Darwin’s economy is driven by mining and tourism. During World War II, most of the Top End was placed under military government. It also produces the Northern Territory of Australia Government Gazette. The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia ) is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. There is an extensive series of river systems in the Northern Territory. In December 1974 Cyclone Tracy damaged or destroyed nearly all of the city; two-thirds of the residents were evacuated. With government assistance Darwin was rebuilt a second time, making it one of the most-modern cities in Australia. For some years there has been agitation for full statehood. (2006) local government area, 66,291; (2011) local government area, 72,930. Corrections?

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