The original school, which stood in St Paul’s Churchyard, was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and has since been rebuilt twice. This article was originally published on May 23, 2018 and was updated on July 22, 2020. In that year Edward Thring, headmaster of Uppingham School, wrote to 37 of his fellow headmasters of what he considered the leading boys' schools, not covered by the Public Schools Act of 1868, inviting them to meet annually[28] to address the threat posed by the Endowed Schools Act of 1869. Year 12: tests in two of four chosen A-Levels during autumn term of Year 11, a subject test, reference, and school reports. The most famous public schools are Eton, Harrow and Winchester. Westminster School, also called St. Peter’s College, in west London, was probably a cathedral school and was reestablished by Queen Elizabeth I in 1560. The commission used a wider definition than that of the Fleming Committee. Winchester College, in Winchester, Hampshire, was chartered in 1382 by William of Wykeham, bishop of Winchester, and opened by him in 1394. The school features outstanding sports facilities including a golf course, tennis courts, hockey pitches and more. The prestigious school also has a campus in Hong Kong – Wycombe Abbey School Hong Kong – whichis a co-educational primary school, opened in September 2019. The Shell year (Year 9) is a foundation year in which every boy studies a wide variety of subjects, as well as a choice of two languages. The majority of the senior school site has also been recently refurbished, including a new astro-turf pitch, a stunning Drama Centre, an RIBA award-winning Science building, and two General Teaching Buildings with contemporary dining, library and classroom facilities overlooking the Thames. These were boys' boarding schools, but some are now mixed and some accept day pupils as well as boarders. … Admissions: School’s own exam, plus interview and previous school reports; Common Entrance at age 13. The latter aims to support younger students from the local community with a training programme to improve their skills and abilities. Lonsdale Road, Barnes, London, New: A newly renovated state-of-the-art Sports Centre will be open for use in early 2022. Rugby School, in Rugby, Warwickshire, was founded by Lawrence Sheriff, a wealthy London merchant, in 1567. The English public school model influenced the 19th-century development of Scottish elite schools, but a tradition of the gentry sharing their primary education with their tenants kept Scotland more egalitarian.[55][56]. [21][22], Many of the public schools, including Rugby School, Harrow School and The Perse School, fell into decline during the 18th century and nearly closed in the early 19th century. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [67] Evelyn Waugh observed in his satirical novel Decline and Fall (1928) that "anyone who has been to an English public school will always feel comparatively at home in prison". Allsobrook, D. I. A group of Sixth Formers established an eco-garden and orchard by creating raised beds out of recycled products, and also launched their first major science research project in collaboration with the Chemistry Department at University College London. Shrewsbury School, in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, was founded by King Edward VI in 1552. [65] The Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission came to a similar conclusion in a 2014 study of the professions: 71% of senior judges, 62% of senior armed forces officers, 55% of Whitehall permanent secretaries and 50% of members of the House of Lords had been privately educated. (1955) “Thomas Hughes and the Public Schools”: in Briggs, Dishon, Gideon. They also represented the UK in the final of the International Space Design Competition at NASA, Florida and won the World Universities Debating Final 2017. Perhaps in no other post-Renaissance country did an ethos directly and concentratedly inculcated in so few citizens exercise such influence nationally—and internationally, given the crucial role of the public school ethos in helping Britain build its empire. The campus is unique among London schools for the on-site facilities it offers, ranging from boat club to theatre, darkroom to cricket pitch and recital hall to design technology workshop. New: Two new boarding houses opened in September 2017 as part of wider site development plan, which also includes a new STEM Centre, Sports Pavilion and China Centre, as well as the refurbishment of the remaining boarding houses.

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