[59] A wide range of species that feed directly on dried cassava chips have been reported as a major factor in spoiling stored cassava, with losses between 19% and 30% of the harvested produce. The upper parts of the stems with the leaves are plucked off before harvest. Harvest the cassava tubers after about ten months of growing time. Es gibt männliche und weibliche Blüten, die beide auf einer Pflanze vorkommen (Monözie). Jahrhundert herrschenden Bakongo-Königen zurückzuführen sein dürfte. is necessary to avoid getting sick. The shrub may grow to nine feet in height and roots may be three or four inches in diameter. ." China is also the largest export market for cassava produced in Vietnam and Thailand. Weed the beds for the first six weeks and mound the soil up around the plant to strengthen it against the winds. Fermentation is also used in other places such as Indonesia (see Tapai). The Spanish also needed to replenish their boats with dried meat, water, fruit, and large amounts of cassava bread. The cassava plant gives the third-highest yield of carbohydrates per cultivated area among crop plants, after sugarcane and sugar beets. Selection of cassava species to be grown, therefore, is quite important. feeding produces physically damaging galls with eggs inside them. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The flesh ranges from bright white to soft yellow. [17] Blausäure verflüchtigt sich zwar bei Zimmertemperatur, um jedoch ein vollständiges Ausgasen zu bewirken, muss die Knolle gründlich zerkleinert werden. [26], Auch die Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) sieht ein großes Potenzial für die Nutzung von Maniok als nachwachsendem Rohstoff vor dem Hintergrund, dass derzeitige Erträge nur bei 20 % des unter optimalen Bedingungen erreichbaren Niveaus liegen. Planting Cassava: Cassava is usually grown only in tropical and subtropical climates where there is at least 8 months of warm weather. Vergiftungserscheinungen sind zum Beispiel eine Ataxie oder Optikusatrophie. . By 4,600 BC, manioc (cassava) pollen appears in the Gulf of Mexico lowlands, at the San Andrés archaeological site. Die 0,15 m bis 1 m langen und 3 cm bis 15 cm dicken Knollen können ein Gewicht von bis zu 10 kg erreichen. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cassava-0, "cassava [8] In der Moxos-Ebene wurde bereits vor über 10.000 Jahren Maniok angebaut. For now, feel free to continue reading. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Cassava is a nutty-flavored, starchy root vegetable or tuber. Cassava is predominantly consumed in boiled form, but substantial quantities are used to extract cassava starch, called tapioca, which is used for food, animal feed, and industrial purposes. These pests can cause up to 80 percent crop loss, which is extremely detrimental to the production of subsistence farmers. The tubers, when damaged, normally respond with a healing mechanism. Cut off a six-inch section of the stem when the soil is moist and stick it into the soil, the same direction it grew. [66] Other pest and diseases can gain entry through the physical damage caused by gall formation, leading to rots. [62] The virus is spread by the whitefly and by the transplanting of diseased plants into new fields. In Nigeria and several other west African countries, including Ghana, Cameroon, Benin, Togo, Ivory Coast, and Burkina Faso, they are usually grated and lightly fried in palm oil to preserve them. Sie werden von einer verkorkten, meist rötlich braunen äußeren Schicht umgeben, innen sind sie meist weiß, gelegentlich auch gelb oder rötlich.[5]. [21] Cassava has also become an important staple in Asia, extensively cultivated in Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. Choose a healthy cassava stem from a plant that has already borne tubers. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cassava. Die Spanier stießen in der Karibik und die Portugiesen im heutigen Brasilien auf die Pflanze, man berichtete von Brot aus giftigen Wurzeln. Es besteht bei manchen (glykosidarmen) Sorten auch die Möglichkeit, die geschälten und zerkleinerten Knollen in Salzwasser essbereit zu kochen. Das auch bei tropischen Temperaturen haltbare Maniokmehl diente Soldaten und Eroberern (Bandeirantes) als Proviant. Während man in Deutschland unter der Bezeichnung Mehl das Weizenmehl versteht, so ist in Brasilien der Ausdruck farinha ein Synonym für Maniokmehl, während Weizenmehl als farinha de trigo bezeichnet wird. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. [40] Excess cyanide residue from improper preparation is known to cause acute cyanide intoxication, and goiters, and has been linked to ataxia (a neurological disorder affecting the ability to walk, also known as konzo). "cassava The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. They much preferred foods from Spain, specifically wheat bread, olive oil, red wine, and meat, and considered maize and cassava damaging to Europeans. Jahrhundert, den Maniok einzuführen. Severe cyanide poisoning, particularly during famines, is associated with outbreaks of a debilitating, irreversible paralytic disorder called konzo and, in some cases, death. Worldwide, 800 million people depend on cassava as their primary food staple. [52][53], Cassava is harvested by hand by raising the lower part of the stem, pulling the roots out of the ground, and removing them from the base of the plant. Oktober 2020 um 15:38 Uhr bearbeitet. [35], Cassava tubers and hay are used worldwide as animal feed. Die Knolle wird im Dampf oder in Wasser gekocht oder frittiert.

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